ABOUT NEPAL

Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked central Himalayan country in South Asia.is one of the small country with rich Natural and Cultural habitats. It has a population of 26.4 million and is the 93rd largest country by area. Nepal occupies as an open expanse of water, which was once part of the Mediterranean Sea and Tibetan Plateau as a beachfront property. It took almost 60 million year of continual crunching of the two plates augmented by the phases of crustal uplifted created numerous mountains which has astonishing heights , one of them is Mount Everest 8848 m “the lord of the Mountains”. This beautiful country is situated between the great China – Northern area and Great India – South, East & Western Area. Nepal was once hit listed where the world famous travelers like Marco polo and the armies of Hitler step on in search of Shangri-La. Obviously, this is the holy land since world has renown the birth of lord Buddha “light of the World”, land of Gurkhas Warriors and mighty Goddess Sita, famous Pagoda architecture Araniko.

Capital: Kathmandu Valley
Top Area:147,181 sq. kilometer
Population: 27.8 million (2013) World Bank
Currency: Nepalese rupee
National Animal: Cow
National Sport: Dandi Biyo
National Bird: Himalayan Monal
National Weapon: Khukuri
National Anthem: Saya Thunga

Occupying:

2% of all the flowering plants in the world.
4% of mammals on earth
8% of the World’s Population of Birds (More than 848 species)
11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (More than 500 species)
600 indigenous plant families
319 species of exotic orchids.

Language:
Nepali is the national language. However, travel-trade people understand and speak English as well.

Religion:
Nepal enjoys the distinction of being the only Hindu Kingdom in the world. However, there is a harmonious blending of Hinduism and Buddhism.

Climate:
Nepal has four major seasons, namely,
Winter: December-February
Spring: March-May
Summer: June-August
Autumn: September-November

Nepal can be visited the whole year round.

People:
Nepal has more than 61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages.

What to Wear:
Lightweight clothing is recommended for May through October. Warm garments are required in October through March. An umbrella or raincoat is a must for the rainy season.

Religion:
Nepal enjoys the distinction of being the only Hindu Kingdom in the world. However, there is a harmonious blending of Hinduism and Buddhism.

Geography:
Nepal, a sovereign independent kingdom, is bounded on the north by the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China, and on the east, south and west by India, The length of the Kingdom is 880km east to west and its breadth varies from 145-241 north-Souths. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions.

Nepal, a sovereign independent kingdom, is bounded on the north by the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China, and on the east, south and west by India, The length of the Kingdom is 880km east to west and its breadth varies from 145-241 north-Souths. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions.

Himalayan Region:
This region accounts for about 15% of the total land area. The altitude of this region ranges between 4,877m. – 8848m. It includes eight of the 14 highest summits in the world which exceed an altitude of 8,000m including Everest, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri and Others

Mountain Region:
This region accounts for about 68% of the total land area. It is formed by the Mahabharat range that soars up to 4,877m and the lower Churia range.

Terai Region:
The low- land Terai occupies about 17% of the Total land area of the country

History:
Nepal has always been an independent and sovereign country with glorious history, culture and tradition that date back to time immemorial, before the campaign of national integration was launched by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, the Great, the Kathmandu Valley was ruled by the malla kings, whose contributions to art and culture are indeed great and unique, in 1768 Ad, the Shah dynasty ascended the throne of the unified Kingdom. His Majesty king Gyanendra Bir Bigram Shah Dev is the twelth King in the Shah dynasty. The new Democratic Constitution of the Kingdom was promulgated on November 9, 1990. Nepal is one of the founder members of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

People:
Nepal has a population of 23 million people made of different races and ethic groups living in different regions, with diverse culture, languages and dialects, The Gurung and magars live mainly in the west. The Rais, Limbus and Sunwars inhabit the slpes and valley s of the eastern mid hills; the sherpas live in the Himalayan group of the capital valley- kathmandu. There are Tharus, Ydavas, Satars, Rajvanshis and Dhimals in the Terai Region. The Brahmins, Chhetris and Thakuris are generally spread over all parts of the kingdom.

News and current affairs:Web: Nepal Wekepedia

Web: national English newspapers – Himalayan Times  Nepal News E-Kantipur

Web: online news – Nepal News Nepal Mountain NewsSAARC TOURISM – NEPAL